New research, commissioned as part of Zurich’s Safer Schools initiative and led by online child protection experts Ineqe Safeguarding Group, shows a 17% rise in livestreaming amongst children since schools have closed with more than one in five ‘broadcasters’ now chatting to strangers online.
Research also shows that young people who livestream are twice as likely as their peers to engage in potentially dangerous online behaviour. Livestreaming, which involves broadcasting live video over the internet, is one of the riskiest activities for children online as this type of broadcast is public, can expose children to inappropriate content and is extremely difficult to moderate.
The research shows children as young as seven are now spending almost three hours a week on average broadcasting live videos of themselves, with 15% livestreaming themselves at least once a week. Two fifths (40%) of children livestream to an audience of strangers but this is set to increase over the coming weeks with almost a fifth planning to start now that schools are closed. The most popular livestreaming apps include Instagram Live, Facebook Live, HouseParty, YouTube and Twitch.
The increase in this trend can be attributed to the pressure of performing live to an anonymous audience. However, it also encourages children to do things they wouldn’t normally do in other circumstances because they are ‘in the moment.’
What are livestreamers broadcasting?
When livestreamers were asked about their current online activity, one in five (21%) children admit they chat to people online that they don’t know, one in 10 (11%) have switched off parental controls and 7% have shared their mobile number with a stranger online. Most alarmingly, almost one in ten (7%) have met face to face with a stranger they met whilst livestreaming. In fact, more than one in 10 (11%) say they are more likely to agree to do something when livestreaming as they have less time to think. A further tenth feel the pressure to perform and make their audience happy.
Girls versus boy
Among all those aged 7-17, girls are more likely to have a camera-enabled device of their own with internet access in their bedroom with one in 10 (11%) experiencing lower inhibitions online. While one in three (34%) livestreaming girls have live chats with others online, close to one in 10 (8%) broadcast live from their bedroom and 3% change clothes and pose in front of the camera. Boys, on the other hand, are more likely to be gaming while livestreaming and twice as likely as girls to say they are likely to trust someone they have played an online game with.
Tilden Watson, Head of Education at Zurich Municipal said, “This is a really challenging time for parents as they struggle to balance work and childcare duties on top of home schooling. It’s to be expected that children will probably spend a lot more time on devices.
That’s why it’s crucial to sit down together and chat through the risks. We know around a tenth of children normally chat to strangers online but this trend doubles amongst livestreamers.The ‘stranger danger’ that they are familiar with in their offline life is still very relevant in the online space. Setting up parental controls on devices is crucial – now more than ever.”
Jim Gamble, online safeguarding expert and the force behind the Safer Schools app said, “While everyone is locked down in their homes, there may be a tendency to think that our children and young people are somehow safer, simply because we know exactly where they are.”
“I don’t want to scaremonger or create the impression there is a predator waiting in every virtual space, but the current reality is unprecedented. Only by educating and empowering young people, can we begin to protect them from harm. In order to do that we need to practice what we preach and educate ourselves.”