Official public spending rules are not a barrier to levelling up the country, but a lack of direction from Government is, says Centre for Cities in a new report created in partnership with Legal & General. This warning comes ahead of an expected Comprehensive Spending Review this autumn, in which the Chancellor is under pressure to re-write the spending rules – known as the Green Book – to benefit places outside London and the South East.
The report argues that ministers must move beyond vague rhetoric and set out a specific strategy for what they want levelling up to achieve. This lack of political direction is hampering the levelling up agenda not, as some suggest, the Green Book rules.
The current levelling up plans are also too Whitehall-centric, with departments already lacking capacity to deliver new projects now having to manage Covid-19. Because of this, there is a danger that the levelling up agenda will be de-prioritised and the places hit hardest economically by the pandemic will fall further behind.
To avoid this, the report calls for local government to be given more power and responsibility to deliver infrastructure, housing and adult education projects. It calls on the Government to press ahead with the abolition of the complicated system of county and district councils and replace them everywhere with directly-elected political leaders with the same powers as metro-mayors. This would be the largest restructuring of English local government for generations.
The Government should match any additional powers and responsibilities for councils with the fiscal tools that they need to level up their areas. Local government austerity should end and councils should get control over council tax and business rates. In total the Government will need to spend an extra £100 billion over the next ten years to achieve its levelling up ambitions.
Finally, the Government’s review of the Green Book should develop a clearer system for deciding how to invest in levelling up. This should either be through a new finance settlement, or a local government funding formula similar to the Barnett Formula that apportions UK government funding to the devolved nations.
“While the overall principles enshrined in the Green Book are correct, our struggling cities and towns will not be levelled up by directives from Whitehall. This can only be done by democratically accountable local politicians with the knowledge to select the right projects for their area – not by Treasury officials choosing between different parts of the country.
The time has now come to confirm exactly what they want levelling up to achieve, and commit the money necessary to achieve it. There are deep economic divides between places in this country and it will take a very significant sum of money to close them.”
says Andrew Carter, Chief Executive at Centre for Cities
“Though the economic and social impacts of Covid-19 are widespread throughout the UK, without proper support some areas may suffer disproportionately in the wake of the virus, particularly those that are already at an economic disadvantage.
It is essential, therefore, that the government seeks to revise its levelling-up agenda, and this report makes several excellent recommendations, including giving more local authorities greater autonomy to manage their own finances.”
adds Bill Hughes, Head of Real Assets at LGIM Real Assets
BUILD BACK BETTER MEANS EQUALITY OF INVESTMENT
“Pension companies, too, must play a key role in helping to re-build local and regional economies in the wake of Covid-19. Legal & General has provided over £25bn to support the levelling-up agenda, recycling UK savings and pension funds into towns and cities which have faced significant periods of underinvestment.
A particular area of Legal & General’s focus is to help level-up regional economies through investing in the health and life sciences sectors, working with local authorities, universities and private businesses on schemes which foster and grow innovation. Our major investment in Newcastle Helix, for instance, is helping to attract leading science and tech businesses to the north east, providing opportunities for businesses to collaborate with leading academics and research institutions. Separately, Legal & General’s landmark regeneration of Cardiff’s Central Square has so far provided over £1.1bn of gross value added (GVA) to the local region and will help to create up to 13,000 new jobs.”
comments John Cummins, MD of Future Cities at Legal & General Capital.
There has never been a better time to reject the London-centric policies of the last 40 years and focus on delivering high quality infrastructure, jobs and housing across the whole of the UK. Covid has proved that people in office jobs can often work outside of London for most of the time – that includes the public sector of course and more jobs need to be outsourced to BBC Salford, HMRC regional offices, the DVLA in Wales and so on. Or just ask people to work from home, it really is that simple.
The other key decision that needs to be made is that HS2 is cancelled, and replaced by HSB – high speed broadband for the entire UK. Investing in broadband services would be far cheaper than building a special train set for the wealthy commuter, and offer a truly level playing field for entreprenuers. This would be an investment that actually makes a profit for the country, not a huge loss.